The Lubbock County Commissioners created an Alternative Dispute Resolution System in 1985. In 1988, the Office of Dispute Resolution began receiving regular referrals from the District Attorney. Mandatory mediation for divorcing couples began in 1989. In 1991, mediation for civil cases became mandatory, as well as moderated settlement conferences for County Court at Law cases. Since 1999 the scheduling order for all civil cases has included a mandatory mediation date.
The South Plains Association of Governments administered these services until 2003. At that time, Lubbock County assumed responsibility for operating the system and the various services it provides.
- The Dispute Resolution Training Institute provides ADR training and various continuing education workshops throughout the state.
- Texas Rural Mediation Services provides dispute resolution services to people affected by the actions of the USDA, as well as to rural Texans for any type of dispute.
- South Plains Alternative Dispute Resolution System refers to the counties on the South Plains that contract with the Lubbock County ADR System to provide mediation services for their counties. The ten counties currently included in this system are Cochran, Crosby, Dickens, Garza, Hockley, Howard, Lamb, Lubbock, Terry, and Yoakum.
- Domestic Relations Office provides family-related mediation, the Community Supervision Program for non-payment of child support obligations, social studies, supervised visitation and other services allowed by the Texas Family Code.